The Censorship System
THE RECONQUEST OF CINEMA: FROM THE CENSOR TO THE SPECTATOR by Francesca Romana Massaro
Since its inception in 1913 during the Giolitti Government, censorship paved the way to the issue of the protection of freedom of expression in film. In the Sixties, this debate gave way to harsh controversies about ‘mutilated’ films. In the following statement regarding lawyer Gianni Massaro, “the Lawyer of Cinema”, his daughter Francesca Romana, also a lawyer, describes some famous lawsuits in which he defended important, explosive films like Il Decameron (The Decameron), Ultimo tango a Parigi (Last Tango in Paris), La proprietà non è più un furto (Property Is No Longer a Theft),
and Il portiere di notte (The Night Porter) with bold strategies and arguments.